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  • Research Article
  • Open Access

Observations on Power-Efficiency Trends in Mobile Communication Devices

EURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems20072007:056976

  • Received: 3 July 2006
  • Accepted: 11 January 2007
  • Published:


Computing solutions used in mobile communications equipment are similar to those in personal and mainframe computers. The key differences between the implementations at chip level are the low leakage silicon technology and lower clock frequency used in mobile devices. The hardware and software architectures, including the operating system principles, are strikingly similar, although the mobile computing systems tend to rely more on hardware accelerators. As the performance expectations of mobile devices are increasing towards the personal computer level and beyond, power efficiency is becoming a major bottleneck. So far, the improvements of the silicon processes in mobile phones have been exploited by software designers to increase functionality and to cut development time, while usage times, and energy efficiency, have been kept at levels that satisfy the customers. Here we explain some of the observed developments and consider means of improving energy efficiency. We show that both processor and software architectures have a big impact on power consumption. Properly targeted research is needed to find the means to explicitly optimize system designs for energy efficiency, rather than maximize the nominal throughputs of the processor cores used.


  • Energy Efficiency
  • Mobile Device
  • Mobile Communication
  • Software Architecture
  • Processor Core

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Authors’ Affiliations

Department of Electrical and Information Engineering, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 4500, Linnanmaa, 90014, Finland
Technology Platforms, Nokia Corporation, Elektroniikkatie 3, Oulu, 90570, Finland


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© O. Silven and K. Jyrkkä. 2007

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.